What Is The New Trade Agreement
“We have always fully complied with all of our commitments under our [free trade agreements], including to the United States, and that will not change,” Canadian Ambassador to the United States Kirsten Hillman told POLITICO. In a major concession to Democrats, the Trump administration has agreed to support some protective measures for a class of drugs called advanced and very expensive drug biologists. The final agreement nullifies a provision that, for ten years, provided protection for drugs from cheaper alternatives in both Canada and Mexico. National procedures for ratifying the agreement in the United States are governed by the legislation of the Trade Promotion Authority, which is also known as the fast-track authority. On November 30, 2018, the USMCA was signed as planned by the three parties at the G20 summit in Buenos Aires.   Disputes over labour rights, steel and aluminum prevented ratification of this version of the agreement.   Canadian Deputy Prime Minister Chrystia Freeland, U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lightizer, and Mexican Under-Secretary of State for North America Jesus Seade officially signed a revised agreement on December 10, 2019, ratified by the three countries on March 13, 2020. Mexico has promised to continue to implement its new labour laws, as required by the new trade agreement. Labor reforms give Mexican workers the right to vote in independent unions and secret ballots. The Trump administration, Democrats and unions are expected to ensure that Mexico delivers on these commitments.
In accordance with Section 103 (b) (2) of the USMCA Act, the date of the interim provisions to be recommended will be set no later than after the USMCA comes into force and the implementation of the uniform rules of origin.  Uniform regulations at the USMCA help interpret the various chapters of the USMCA, first chapters 4-7. These rules were published one month before the trade agreement came into force and replaced NAFTA on July 1, 2020.  On December 10, 2019, the three countries reached a revised USMCA agreement. On January 29, 2020, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs Chrystia Freeland introduced the USMCA C-4 Transposition Act in the House of Commons and passed the first reading without a registered vote. On February 6, the bill passed second reading in the House of Commons by 275 votes to 28, with the Bloc Québécois voting against and all other parties voting in its favour, and it was referred to the Standing Committee on International Trade.    On 27 February 2020, the committee voted to send the bill to Parliament for third reading, without amendments. On April 24, 2020, U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer formally announced to Congress that the new trade agreement is expected to come into effect on July 1, 2020, and he also informed Canada and Mexico.   During his 2016 election campaign and presidency, Trump harshly criticized NAFTA (it was often called “perhaps the worst trade deal of all time” while hailing the USMCA as “a great market for all of us.”  However, the USMCA is very similar to nafta, has adopted many identical provisions and has made only modest changes, mostly cosmetic, and is expected to have only a limited economic impact.  Former United States