Us Peace Agreement With Israel
As part of the 1993 Oslo Agreement – the last major agreement on the dispute – Israel and the PLO reaffirmed that the Jerusalem demands would only be decided in final status negotiations. Today, Israel regards the whole of Jerusalem as its capital, while the Palestinian Authority claims East Jerusalem as the seat of a future Palestinian state and considers Israel`s power on the ground as an occupation. In 1978, U.S. President Jimmy Carter moderated peace talks between Israel and Egypt at Camp David, which ended two framework conditions that should lay the groundwork for future diplomacy in the Middle East. The first called for talks between Egypt, Israel, Jordan and the Palestinians on Palestinian autonomy in Gaza and the West Bank. The second called for a peace treaty between Egypt and Israel, which the two governments signed at the White House in 1979. Although Jordan was a party in the 1973 war, it did not participate in the talks, fearing condemnation from other Arab nations. A separate Israeli-Jordanian peace treaty was signed in 1994. Moroccan Prime Minister Saadeddine Othmani said the country opposed any normalization of relations with Israel, which would only encourage its repression against the Palestinians.  On 20 September, hundreds of people protested against the Peace Agreement of the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain with Israel and burned an Israeli flag. Protesters called both countries “traitors,” while criticizing the United States and “Zionist allies.” They also called for any normalization with Israel to be criminalized.
 Malaysia stated that the agreement was a sovereign right of the United Arab Emirates, but that it would continue to support Israel`s withdrawal from the Palestinian territories.  The Philippine Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a statement in which it welcomed the agreement and hoped it would contribute to peace and security in the Middle East.  On 3 February 2020, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation rejected the plan and asked “all Member States not to participate in this plan or to cooperate in any way with the US government.”  Sultan Qaboos bin Said of Oman received Mr. Netanyahu in 2018 for a state visit that Mr. Cohen made while the two nations have no diplomatic relations, and Bahrain`s tiny island empire hosted a White House-chaired conference last year to launch Mr. Trump`s plan for Israeli-Palestinian peace. Belgian Foreign Minister Philippe Goffin said he welcomed the agreement as a step towards a peaceful Middle East and added that the suspension of annexation plans should be continued with the two-state solution.  Josep Borrell, the Union`s High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, welcomed the agreement as beneficial to both nations and as important for stability in the Middle East.